Concept comes from ancient Greece, and that eventually was changing meanings, but the main thing is not to confuse the deep sense of the term “catharsis integration” (Ver catarsis de integración), with the mere play of emotions, as many still see today. We have the term in principle “katheiros” as it found in texts Homeric, mythical rituals were intended to wash the materials miasma. En el “Corpus hipocraticum” and there is a modification, the doctors, to expel the miasma used two types of operators, some were physicists and other: “sacred words”; here and the mythical religious concept had become logical. Plato took the healing aspect of the word, emphasizing the therapeutic value of logos. The word is the one that has the potential to fulfill the act of persuasion, achieving the purification of the soul through harmony, Plato says. Aristotle takes the concept to the field of tragedy, this, plays an operation essentially expurgativa, It produced by the mobilization of compassion and terror; imitative from operations, performed by actors who achieve catharsis “the passions” in viewers. Aristotle also notes the need for a context where it appears the “feeling of solidarity” y de “community”. For catharsis occurs it is necessary to achieve a state of “Comunitas”. Partner this with the concept of “meeting” Moreno. Freud in his first work retakes the concept cathartic thinking, if the output could stagnate affections, by means of verbal expression, He could be achieved for patients with a resolute way. This was shelved by the father of psychoanalysis in his later theoretical developments. Is Moreno who takes, from another epistemology, the concept of catharsis; It reconsiders as a phenomenon that occurs with spontaneous and simultaneous realization of a process of creation, why, it develops from the same dramatic start up, for, from then on and gradually, go settling in a “quantum” tempering, finally it comes together in integrative constant re-actualizations, that they are taking place as true processes and not mere acts. These processes not only affect the public (aesthetic catharsis) as Aristotle noted but the actors. (ethical catharsis).
Also called catharsis of action or ethical catharsis. These terms were used by Moreno to revalue the active side of the cathartic process (See catharsis catharsis and integration). This aspect of action that produced changes and transformations in the actors or active participants in the dramatic representations rituals míticoreligioso, He was neglecting and losing him gradually from the transformations of the sacred drama in theater shows. In these last dramatic forms it became preva passive or aesthetic aspect of the cathartic phenomenon. Vertiente that specifically targets the spectator who witnesses the treasure or cultural preserves presented before their eyes in the scene. Moreno rescued the value of the spontaneous action of one or more members of the group with the participation of the entire audience is offered as a sounding board that spontaneous action, as a matrix throughout the process. With this rescue Moreno, abreactive rediscovers the value of dramatic representation and capitalizes on psychotherapeutic function.
Talk about “catharsis integration”, strictly, is talking about acts of understanding, ie founding acts of transformation, compared Moreno as new births. These phenomena are those that enable release of roles anchored inadequate stampings, facilitating a jump to the assumption of new behaviors. That is to say: complete unresolved aspects in the way of being, characterized by type of relational systems, originally inadequate. A cathartic act is “founding” why, by the same each protagonist is instituted in another mode link, explored again. Son “Integration acts” porque, through dramatic restructuring, each protagonist enriched with new insights perceptual and social environment assumes new roles, in his cultural atom. Phenomenon of “catharsis integration” to be considered as such should be constituted by the three moments that make up coimplicantes operation “understanding” according to Husserl: 1) intellectual or symbolic moment. 2) emotional or cathartic moment itself. 3) Axiological moment the founding. In the intellectual moment conflicting roles and linkages of the dramatic figure that until now were reiluminan worked obscurely, repressive mechanisms mediated or denial. This operation gives new meaning and figures can then act otherwise, acquiring categories “operative symbols”. En el “emotional moment”, enters the field feel ( ie awareness of emotion) The discrimination, location and updating of affective temples of mythic scene, and the protagonist can channel and watch the wide range of conflicting passions charged in their role. With the “axiológico time” the protagonist is given the emergence of a new value, in the same production that sustains (and there will continue to support more) a new behavior and a new way of linking. Recall that for an operation totals and produce the effects described here three times, didactically differentiated, coimplicante be followed and concomitantly.
Wilson Castello de Almeida studies the frequency of catharsis integration process, to clarify the fallacy that sría a rare occurrence in clinical psychodrama. States that deny the actual presence of the principal mode of action “healing” Psychodrama is a form of inviabilizarlo as an original therapeutic method. And then it systematizes the three clinical forms that could be detected in their practice. Son: 1 Integration catharsis revolting: one that “revolutionizes” patients interiorly, sensitizing and mobilizing them to new and appropriate psychological and relational insights. 2 Integration Catarsis. evolutionary: Through it, patients gradually adding, within and on the interrelationships, Partial cathartic elements. The cathartic process integration is using in its praxis, modes of action such as “insight”, “badge” psychodrama (Bustos) “feedbacks”, “lovebacks” (Zerka Moreno), telic perceptions and significant moments of meeting (see Meeting). From session to session, of dramatization dramatization, interpretation in interpretation, dialog in dialogue, the quantity and quality of affection are changing, change relational dynamics, They restructure elements of personality, expanding the force and the number of roles played, setting up, at last, the meeting in its clinical and existential meaning. 3 Integration Catarsis. Resolutiva: It is what brings, Patient, in relatively short time (more in an act that in a process), a form of experience and consciousness of an entire psicológicoexistencial material until then relegated, repressed, underdog. Like lightning, el “moreniano time” allows thinking, feeling and action are transformed into one and the same activity, espaciotiempoenergía cast in the likeness of Physics (“status nascendi”). They reveal to the spirit the possibilities of a new universe and new growth. The interrelationships are transformed with healthy strength and hope retrepada. It is a clinical form of catharsis Integration of great dramatic presence and responsible ecstatically beautiful and emotionally significant sessions.