Stage Review. (see Commentary).

Term coined by M. Heidegger (Ser y Tiempo) and used from there in existential philosophy to describe the feeling of “be thrown into the world”. With this statement Heidegger would mean much more than distress or anxiety as later wanted to translate certain essayists. The term was originally used to designate the precise feeling on the man only when it is able to cope with the very Nothing. It is therefore the sum total of undefined fears covering both the alienation and isolation by, the detail, the disappearance and death. From Angst passage of the current inactual halo halo of conscience and only when this temper of mind is accepted as a proper feeling for the individual, it can be able to face his nothingness and start fresh from there the road leading to increasingly take the necessary responsibility to transform the position of alienation and isolation and to thereby address the deep sense of very existence. This process also includes the acceptance of the own condition of finiteness. Anthropological thought of Moreno acknowledges the influence of existential philosophy of his time. Kierkegaard was, entre otros, one of the philosophers that marked, with deep scars, the vision of the creator of psychodrama. Although Moreno in his writings frequently disagrees with these currents of thought, his anthropology can finally be read as an existential vision inscribed in a valiant attempt postromantic, unwillingly pregnant romantic and wants therefore to overcome, by all means, the counterpart of this same romanticism: It is skeptical of the time. This is why so Moreno discusses both skeptical thinking in which finally lead, entre otros, as Kierkegaard, as Heidegger and Sartre. Abbagnano conceptually appointed this philosophical attitude in the category of a negative existentialism. Anthropological attitude instead Moreno, I'd rather inscribed on the side of thought termed as positive Existentialism Abbagnano (see existentialism). Thus we can understand the concept of anguish appears in Moreno worked in the sense of a temple that emerges as a feeling in humans only when it spontaneity and creativity have failed to achieve their effect on the deployment of the project existence of that particular individual. Saying, else, when these functions are not managed properly update. As we see this conception of anguish clearly gives it the character of a symptom of unfulfillment human and this is precisely what defines the indisputable existential position of Moreno. It is interesting to compare above analogically the concept of Angst, statement by Heidegger as we said with the concept of transformation hunger (View hungry child act) es, según Moreno, that basic anxiety that promotes human aspects of being and ways of linking push him towards his own possibility of change, in deploying its own draft existence.

It is the function of spontaneity, engine or tension. It is the function that drives the newborn, emerged from a closed universe, finished, contactante, as it was the middle of the mother's womb, to make the first respiratory act in the new open universe, to issue the first sounds that warn of their hunger to its natural auxiliary I, to suckle to ingest food, etc.

During the first infant universe (matriz de identidad) this momentum has very peculiar characteristics (View hungry child acts). In the adult and mature individual acts of child hunger is reduced to a basic residue. Children no longer has the characteristics, but it continues the momentum of the adult spontaneity. In the adult form of the basic anxiety, Moreno called it hunger for transformation (Ver hambre de transformación). When spontaneity diminishes or disappears, basic anxiety emerges, out of place, as existential anxiety or compulsively taking the characteristics of neurotic anxiety (See neurotic anxiety) or appearing in the forms of other symptoms.


Genuine forms of anxiety, appear in an individual when hunger transformation (Ver hambre de transformación) It is not channeled in the deployment project of a particular existence. freedom is the source of creativity, dice Moreno. When hunger transformation is not channeled in this direction and spontaneity decreases cutting his creativity, basic anxiety leave their lanes genuinely emerge as an existential anxiety. In this sense the existential anxiety is a genuine feeling that points coarctation of the existential project of a given individual. Genuine forms of this existential anxiety are:

1) the anxiety of finitude or awareness of having to die without being able to deploy the project itself deep existence.

2) the anxiety of having protonated guilty; is the existential experience of feeling guilty, some particular act or omission, concrete and defined, which expresses the general alienation of existence. This is the genuine feeling of guilt before any act or omission on which it is impossible to deny personal responsibility despite the target element is always included in them.

3) vacuum anxiety is the result of a lack of meaning of life itself. When existence is meaningless, basic anxiety turns into empty feeling.

Existential anxieties appear when spontaneity wanes. If the answer to this situation is adequate, anxiety decreases or disappears. When the basic anxiety human transformation alibi does not bartered in these genuine forms of existential anxiety that function as alarm, then they will result in neurotic anxieties (See neurotic anxiety) or symptoms.


When an individual is released to inadequate deployment of its trend of transformation to its own transcendence and also denies or represses the true feelings of existential anxiety (View existential anxiety) which tends to bring these encroachments, sooner or later will channel that basic anxiety transformation (See basic anxiety) compulsively, out of place and this then will take the forms of neurotic anxiety.

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